Using Dzongkha in Open Office
What is Open Office ?
OpenOffice.org is a free
and open source (FOSS) office application suite developed
by Sun Microsystems and others which has features equivalent
to Microsoft® Office and other commercial office
application suites. Since it can open and save documents in Microsoft
Office formats, it can be fully interoperable with Microsoft Office.
OpenOffice.org is free software with no licence fees, and so
you may download and install it on as many PCs as you like, and
use it for any purpose - private, educational, government, public,
or commercial. It therefore offers an opportunity for all organisations
to save money on software purchases while ensuring they are able
to use high quality, up-to-date and fully licensed software.
OpenOffice.org is certified by OSI as open-standard compliant,
and it uses the OASIS OpenDocument Format (ISO 26300) as its native
The Utility of this software for Dzongkha
OpenOffice.org was the first Word Processing and office application
to offer native support for Dzongkha. Dzongkha support was added
to the OpenOffice.org application suite in large part due to the
efforts of developers from the DIT's Application Division as part
of their Dzongkha Linux Project.
OpenOffice.org and its derivitives are still the only office
suites with native support for Dzongkha. The DIT is also currently
fully localising OpenOffice.org for Dzongkha - which means it will
soon be available with a complete Dzongkha language interface including
all menus and help files in Dzongkha.
Downloading and Installing Open Office
Download and install OpenOffice
When you download and install a new version of OpenOffice,
it replaces any older versions of OpenOffice on your system and you
keep all your personal OpenOffice files from the earlier version.
Downloading OpenOffice can take 3 or more hours on a good dial-up connection
and sometimes much longer if the server is busy or your connection
poor. So if you only have a dial-up connection try to obtain
a copy on CD. This should be available free of charge or for
a minimal amount from any good IT supplier.
One source we like is www.edmunds-enterprises.com They
have OpenOffice 2.3 for $0.99 (US) plus $1.50 (US) shipping
The following are the steps used to download and install 2.3.1:
Connect to the Internet.
On the Internet, replace the http:// address with OpenOffice.org.
(The Address Box is the wide, flat box that contains the
address that starts with http://.) (To replace
the address, click anywhere on the address then type www.openoffice.org Press Enter.
(The "OpenOffice.org: Home" page" appears.)
Click on the green "get OpenOffice.org version
2.3.1" box. ("Get OpenOffice.org" appears on your
Click on the green box that has the words Download
OpenOffice.org. Click on your operating system.
For this tutorial we will click Windows. IF you
want to make a donation, click Donate Funds.
To download, click the green Continue To Download.
In the small window "OOo-2_3_1_Win32Intel_Install_wJR",
click Save File. (You can watch the downloading
progress on your screen)
When the download is complete, close all windows so you
see the desktop.
On your desktop, open the "OOo_2.3.1 _Win32Intel_install_wJRE_en-USA.exe" file.
(To open, click on the OOo_2.3.1_Win32Intel_install_wJRE_en-USA icon > right-click > Open.)
(The "Thank you for downloading OpenOffice.org 2.3.1" window
Click Next. (The "Select Folder" window
appears) Click Unpack. (The "Welcome to
the Installation Wizard for OpenOffice.org2.3" window appears)
You will get a message to wait. When available, click Next
Scroll down to read the license. Select "I accept
the terms in the license agreement". Click Next.
Enter a User name. (normally your name.)
Under "Install this application for:", select Either "Anyone
who uses this computer (all users)" Or "Only
for me". Click Next.
"Complete" installation is already selected.
Under “File Types: Select the file types that OpenOffice.org
2.3. will automatically open. There are 3 choices (Microsoft
Word Documents, Microsoft Excel Spreadsheets, and Microsoft
Power Point Presentations.)
IF a check-mark IS NOT placed
in the boxes, Microsoft Office will be used to open a Microsoft
IF a check-mark IS placed
in the boxes, OpenOffice will open Microsoft files into the
OpenOffice file format. Microsoft Word and Microsoft Office
can still open your Microsoft files into the Microsoft file
format. More information is available in our tutorial "Microsoft
Word files". (Click here if
you would like to see that tutorial now. To get back to this
tutorial, use your browser button .)
Click Next. Click Install.
Wait until you get a message that the installation is completed.
To start OpenOffice, click Start > All Programs > OpenOffice
2.3 > OpenOffice.org Writer. The "Welcome to
OpenOffice.org 2.3" window appears. Click Next.
Click Scroll Down. Click Accept.
Some people enter a First name and a Last
name. Some people in a corporation environment
do not enter their name. Check Next. (The "Online
Update" window appears. "Check for updates automatically" has
been selected and can be changed) Next (The "OpenOffice.org
Registration" window appears)
Many users register, however, you can freely
use OpenOffice without registering. For this tutorial select "I
want to register now". Click Finish.
A User Survey will appear on the screen. (You may have to
delete "Untitled1 - OpenOffice.org Writer" to see the survey.)
Look at the survey and then decide if you want to do the
Complex Text Layout (CTL) within OpenOffice
Choose: Tools - Options - Language Settings - Languages…
- User interface: Default.
- Locale setting : choose "Dzongkha" if you want automatic
dates and page numbers in Dzongkha script, - otherwise keep your
- Decimal separator key: - Same as locale setting or
may be changed.
- Default currency: allows you to specify the default
currency that is used for the currency format and the currency
fields. Default is same as the locale setting so you may want
to change this.
- Default languages for documents:
- Western: English (UK) - or whatever you want
- CTL: Dzongkha ('Tibetan' not yet an available
- Enabled for Asian languages: - here you can activate
support for 'Asian' (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) languages if
you want to.
- Enabled for complex text layout (CTL): - Activates
complex text layout support - essential for Tibetan script, Devanagri
Next, Choose: Tools - Options - Language Settings - Complex
- Use Sequence checking: If Sequence Input Checking
(SIC) is enabled, OpenOffice.org will not allow a character next
to another if this is forbidden by a rule.
- Restricted: Prevents the use as well as the printing
of illegal character combinations.
- Cursor control: Used to select the type of text cursor
movement and text selection for mixed text (right-to-left mixed
with left-to-right text direction) - this is for use with scripts
such as Arabic.
- Logical: The text cursor moves to the text end
with Arrow Right and to the text begin with Arrow Left.
- Visual: The text cursor moves to the right with
Arrow Right and to the left with Arrow Left.
default fonts for Dzongkha text
Choose: Tools - Options - OpenOffice.org
Writer - Basic Fonts (CTL)…
Here you should type-in or select the names of OpenType / Unicode
Dzongkha fonts for all options. These settings do not affect your
default fonts for Latin script text and only apply when you enter
Dzongkha Unicode characters in a document.
- Basic fonts:
- Default: CTL font to be used for the Default Paragraph
Style. Can be overridden by explicitly defining another font
in a Style used for paragraphs.
- Size: Specifies the size of the font.
- Heading: Specifies the CTL font to be used for
- List: Specifies the CTL font for lists and numbering
and all derived styles.
- Caption: CTL font used for the captions of images
- Index: CTL font used for indexes, alphabetical
indexes, and tables of contents.
- Current document only: If you check this the settings
will only apply to the current document. If you often work with
Dzongkha, you should leave this option un-checked.
- Default button: If you click this button the values
visible in the dialog box will be set back to OO.org installation
values. You probably don't want to do this!
The Utility of OpenOffice.org
Writer for Dzongkha
OpenOffice.org Writer (version 2.1 and above) works very well
for Tibetan script.
- Line breaks occur after a tsek character - not in the middle
of a syllable.
- Switching between Tibetan script and Roman fonts is automatic
- depending on characters typed.
- Lists of Tibetan or Dzongkha words can be automatically sorted
in dictionary order.
- Tibetan digits can be used in fields (automatic page numbering,
numbered lists & headings, and in dates etc.)
Collation (sorting) of Dzongkha lists or tables in dictionary
order works in OOorg 2.1x however there was a bug which
caused Dzongkha collation not work properly in OOorg versions 2.2x and
2.3x. This has now been rectified in OO version 2.4.