Enabling Dzongkha support on Windows XP
Dzongkha Unicode will work correctly in versions of Windows
XP and Windows 2000 only
if certain conditions are met.
- First you need to have at least one Dzongkha
Unicode font installed .
- Second you need to enable Complex Script
support in Windows
- Third, you need to upgrade the version of Uniscribe (USP10.DLL),
the complex-script shaping engine which comes with Windows,
to a version which has support for the Dzongkha & Tibetan
- Fourth, you should install a Dzongkha
keyboard or input method to enable you to type & edit
- Fifth you may have to configure
individual applications on your computer to use complex
script languages and Dzongkha.
This page and the next are intended to guide you through the steps
necessary to enable complex script support in Windows and to update
Uniscribe to a version which supports Dzongkha.
Note that you may need to have an original Windows 2000 or XP
installation CD to complete the second part of this procedure.
1 Enabling Complex-Script support in Windows
Dzongkha uses what is known as a complex script. Vowels
marks need to attach to Dzongkha letters, and Dzongkha letters
often need to change in shape as other letters are typed after
them. Other Languages which use complex scripts include Sanskrit,
Hindi & Nepali (Devanagri script); Arabic & Urdu (Arabic script);
and Thai (Thai script).
While Windows 2000 and XP come with support complex scripts -
this support is not on by default and usually needs to be turned
You can test whether support for Dzongkha is already properly
installed and configured on your system by installing the Jomolhari
font, which is freely available here.
When your computer does not have a suitable version of
Uniscribe installed and properly configured Dzongkha words will
display like the first example below. The Dzongkha characters do
appear, but they do not combine correctly. When your computer does have
a suitable version of Uniscribe, your computer will the combine
the letters correctly as seen in the second example:
The graphics above are taken from screen shots, which don't actually
show you if your computer is updated and configured with a version
of Uniscribe which supports Dzongkha. However the following example
is rendered by your computer operating system and browser:
The browser test example immediately above uses HTML
code. If your web browser displays the Dzongkha word in this sample
correctly (as in example 2) , your computer probably already has
a suitable version of Uniscribe installed and properly configured
so you can skip to the section on Dzongkha
keyboard and input methods
If your browser does not display the browser test example
correctly then you need to follow the steps outlined below:-
Configuring Windows for complex scripts in Control Panel
First, in Windows Control Panel Regional and Language Options settings
must be updated to enable complex script support. To do this, click
the Start button
on your Windows desktop, then choose Control Panel.
In the Control Panel category dialog, click on the category "Date,
Time, Language, and Regional Options."
In the task pane choose "Add Other Languages "
In the Regional & Language Options dialog ensure the "Languages" tab
at the top is selected, then check the box next to the option "Install
files for complex script and right-to-left languages (including
After selecting the check box the following message box should
Click on OK to close the message box, then click
on OK in the Regional & Language Options dialog
At this point you may be asked to insert a Windows 2000
or XP CD so that Windows can copy the necessary files
to your system.
This Windows CD does not have to be the original CD which came
with your computer, or the CD from which you originally installed
Windows, but it must be for the same version of Windows XP or 2000.
It may take a minute or two for Windows to copy the necessary
Once this is complete, before proceeding
with the next step you should re-start your computer.